Jane Addams (1860-1935) established a settlement house for poor immigrants in Chicago when she was 29 years old. The success of this community center, known as Hull House, inspired the creation of hundreds of centers across America. Though sometimes harshly criticized by the newspapers, she worked tirelessly for more than forty years, teaching the less fortunate how to help themselves. A national women’s rights advocate and an international leader in the peace movement, she was eventually known as America’s greatest living woman. In 1931, this “First Lady of Peace” became the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
“America's future will be determined by the home and the school. The child becomes largely what he is taught; hence we must watch what we teach, and how we live.” -- Jane Addams
NobelPrize.org - Jane Addams information
Jane Addams Hull House Museum - Chicago, IL, USA